There will be three
sections to the test
Section A - Factual recall
20 questions based on the
facts you have encountered in this year. Most of the
answers will be one word and all can be found in your
This ought to be easy if you have learnt your facts.
Section B - Analysis of
You will be given a
source of historical information. You will be asked to
evaluate the utility of the source in so far as it helps
you answer a particular historical question. (OPVL)
Always focus on developing the relative value and
limitations of the source in relation to the question
set. Use my
3R model to help with this, and if stuck always
concentrate on the value/limitation of the type of
source you are examining (e.g. diary is useful because
it was not intended for publication etc.) or its
provenance (who, what, when = why?).
Section C - Structured response
(Criterion A and C)
This section is divided
into three questions.
(a) will ask you to
briefly describe something from your own knowledge.
(b) will ask you to explain something.
(c) will ask you to evaluate a debatable question.
These are the sort of
questions you need to be able to answer.
What technological advances made 19th century European
What motivated imperialists like Livingstone/Rhodes etc.
What examples of raw materials were European's
interested in obtaining and from where in Africa?
What alliances were established before World War One?
What was the Schlieffen Plan?
What was the ‘blank cheque’ that Germany gave to Austria
What reason did Britain give for declaring war on
Germany in 1914?
What were Wilson’s 14 points?
Who were the leaders of the ‘Big Three’ at the Treaty of
What was the Council of the League of Nations?
What was the International Court of Justice?
What happened in Russia in 1917?
What were the main terms of the Treaty of Versailles?
Which countries made up the Axis Pact?
What was agreed at the Munich conference of September
What were the consequences of the Moroccan Crisis of
1905 or 1911?
What were the main consequences of the Balkan Wars of
Explain why and how the Balkans created international
instability before World War 1?
What were the reasons for the rapid expansion of empire
building in the 19th century?
Why did the League of Nations fail in the 1930s?
Why did the Paris Peace treaties satisfy no-one?
Why did the assassination of Franz Ferdinand lead to
What were the causes of Manchurian crisis?
How did the League of Nations respond to the Abyssinian
Why was the 1936 Rhineland crisis an important turning
point of the road to World War II?
Why did Japan bomb Pearl Harbour?
How significant were economic causes of imperialism?
How important was nationalism as a cause of World War
To what extent do you agree with the assertion that
Hitler was most important cause of the Second World War? ·
prepared to use factual knowledge (name, date, and
place) which can be applied to the question you are
answering. Avoid vague explanations.
extended writing tasks must be well organized. Remember
to produce an introduction and conclusion and to PEE
your paragraphs. You have written lots of essays in
class and at home. Apply what you have learnt in exam.
Make sure there is enough detail and depth in your
answer to allow the examiner to credit your response.
Identify – Remember something relevant
from your own knowledge, ‘Identify a cause of one war
you have studied’.
Describe – Show what you know about
events, causes, consequences, historical characters
etc., e.g. ‘Describe how military alliances were
established before one war you have studied.’
Explain – Give a number of reasons for
something, e.g. ‘Why do wars start’?
Compare and contrast - Give an account of
similarities and differences between two (or more) items
or situations, referring to both (all) of them, e.g.
‘compare and contrast the causes of two wars you have
Examine - Consider an argument or concept
in a way that uncovers the assumptions and
interrelationships of the issue, e.g. ‘In reference to
one war that you have studied, examine the reasons why
the war began.’
Evaluate, to what extent, how far,
(Debatable question) - Consider the merits or otherwise
of an argument or concept. Opinions and conclusions
should be presented clearly and supported with
appropriate evidence and sound argument, ‘to what extent
was ideology the most important cause of any war you