The first six arts were
described by German philosopher Hegel in his Lectures on
Aesthetics (written between 1818 and 1829). Italian film
theoretician Ricciotta Canudo came up with the
expression 'seventh art' in a manifesto published in
1911, in which he argued that the cinema synthetized the
spatial arts (architecture, sculpture and painting) with
the temporal arts (music and dance).
The other arts are:
1st art: architecture
2nd art: sculpture
3rd art: painting
4th art: dance
5th art: music
6th art: poetry
7th art: cinema
Le Voyage Dans La Lune
- Georges Méliès introduced innovative special effects
in the first science fiction film; a narrative fantasy
of long shots strung together, punctuated with
disappearances, double exposures ,other trick
photography and elaborates sets.
1915 The Birth of a
Nation - D. W. Griffith's 3-hour Civil War epic,
premiered. The film popularized the expressive close-up,
naturalistic acting, the flashback and other elements
(i.e. exciting cross-cutting, a last minute rescue) that
endure today as the structural principles of narrative
filmmaking. It introduced the historical epic and period
piece as a film genre and defined the language of film.
It was highly controversial because of its racist theme.
It was the first US motion picture shown in the White
Potemkin The Soviet director Sergei Eisenstein
effectively established the film montage technique and
the principal that seventh artists should be engineers
of human souls. .
Fritz Lang's sci-fi classic is one of the highpoints of
Weimar culture. Still influential today.
1929 Un Chien Andalou,
one of the first surrealist films by the Spanish
director Luis Buñuel and artist Salvador Dalí.
1935 Triumph of the
Will is a propaganda film directed, produced, edited
and co-written by Leni Riefenstahl. It chronicles the
1934 Nazi Party Congress in Nuremberg, which was
attended by more than 700,000 Nazi supporters.
1936 Modern Times
is proof that popular cinema also be high art. 1936
comedy film written and directed by Charlie Chaplin in
which his iconic Little Tramp character struggles to
survive in the modern, industrialized world during the