International School History - European Schools

S6 History Last update - 17 November 2016 Official European School History S6 Syllabus: English, French, German
Cinema as the seventh art and as a political tool
The first six arts were described by German philosopher Hegel in his Lectures on Aesthetics (written between 1818 and 1829). Italian film theoretician Ricciotta Canudo  came up with the expression 'seventh art' in a manifesto published in 1911, in which he argued that the cinema synthetized the spatial arts (architecture, sculpture and painting) with the temporal arts (music and dance).

The other arts are:
1st art: architecture
2nd art: sculpture
3rd art: painting
4th art: dance
5th art: music
6th art: poetry
7th art: cinema
1902  Le Voyage Dans La Lune - Georges Méliès introduced innovative special effects in the first science fiction film; a narrative fantasy of long shots strung together, punctuated with disappearances, double exposures ,other trick photography and elaborates sets.  
1915 The Birth of a Nation - D. W. Griffith's 3-hour Civil War epic,  premiered. The film popularized the expressive close-up, naturalistic acting, the flashback and other elements (i.e. exciting cross-cutting, a last minute rescue) that endure today as the structural principles of narrative filmmaking. It introduced the historical epic and period piece as a film genre and defined the language of film. It was highly controversial because of its racist theme. It was the first US motion picture shown in the White House  
1920 The Cabinet of Dr. Caligari - The movement of German film Expressionism was established with the world's first horror film.  
1925 Battleship Potemkin The Soviet director Sergei Eisenstein effectively established the film montage technique and the principal that seventh artists should be engineers of human souls. .  
1927 Metropolis - Fritz Lang's sci-fi classic is one of the highpoints of Weimar culture. Still influential today.  
1929 Un Chien Andalou, one of the first surrealist films by the Spanish director Luis Buñuel and artist Salvador Dalí.  
1935 Triumph of the Will is a propaganda film directed, produced, edited and co-written by Leni Riefenstahl. It chronicles the 1934 Nazi Party Congress in Nuremberg, which was attended by more than 700,000 Nazi supporters.  
1936 Modern Times is proof that popular cinema also be high art. 1936 comedy film written and directed by Charlie Chaplin in which his iconic Little Tramp character struggles to survive in the modern, industrialized world during the Great Depression.  



About I Contact Richard Jones-Nerzic