International School History - European Schools - S6 4 hour option

S6 4hr History Last update - 13 May 2023 Official European School History S6 Syllabus: English, French, German
Optional Theme - 6.4D Warfare in the 20th Century - syllabus
Key Questions and learning and assessment objectives. Lessons Additional materials and external links
What are the key organisational themes of the changing nature of warfare? Lecture - PowerPoint. Two relatively recent documentary series provide a relevant overview of aspects of the changing nature or warfare
Niall Ferguson, 2006, The War of the World. From the Russian Revolution in 1905 to the massacres in Bosnia in the 1990s, we see that the world was at war almost continuously throughout the last century.
Saul David, 2013, Bullets, Boots and Bandages. The 'real stories of how wars have been won and lost throughout history - not in the bravado of the frontline, but in the backroom sinews of military planning'
What was warfare like before the industrial revolution?



Video - Battlefield amputation in Napoleonic Europe.

Watch any of the battle scenes from the film of Waterloo.

Short video history of the development of firearms.


How and why did the nature of warfare change during the 19th century?


Worksheet 1 and Worksheet 2 with activity. Interactive graphic explains how a machine gun works.
What were people's expectations about the nature of the Great War? Worksheet and PowerPoint

Walsh 14-15 GCSE Modern World History

See the opening scene from the film versions of All Quiet on the Western Front.

The First World War
10 part, 2003 Channel 4 documentary series covers all aspects of the war.


Why is the First World War described as a 'total war'? WWI as a 'total war'. Mindmapping, notemaking activity worksheet

Walsh 20-29 and 66-76 GCSE Modern World History  
Killing Fields Video on WWI from the 1990s documentary series People's Century. Website for the series.


Diagram and case study of UK

The First World War in Brussels, a fascinating multilingual website covering the social history of the war.

WWI propaganda posters.

Excellent BBC documentary on the life of the war poet Wilfred Owen. Time Team archaeological excavation of a World War I trench.

Recent BBC Documentary 'World War One from above' offers multiple new perspectives on the war.

Women and WWI, (edited essay)
On the geographical extent of the war see episode 3. On the battles of Verdun and the Somme see episode 6.

Full length documentaries on the Somme and Verdun.


How did the nature of war change in the period 1914-18?


Worksheet to be completed on the five themes of the nature of warfare.

Interactive graphics explains how the machinery of war  and medical science developed.


Series of short Dan Snow videos made as part of the BBC's commemoration of the WWI centenary (2014).
Warfare in the Interwar years: how had the nature of war changed by the 1930s?


Worksheet and PowerPoint on the era of total war On the role of League of Nations in Manchuria and Abyssinia see these short revision clips.

Video - Simon Schama on Picasso's Guernica. Video - Ken Loach's film about the Spanish Civil War, inspired by Orwell's Homage to Catalonia.

Old documentary video using archive film of the Spanish Civil War and Herbert Kline's - Heart of Spain a rare contemporary documentary.

For the massacre at Nanjing see the video John Rabe - The Good Nazi of Nanking 


How have historians debated the causes of World War II? The three main theories that explain WWII: PowerPoint

1. Inevitable? - extract from Culpin and Henig.
2. Hitler's war? - extract from Darby
3. Guilty Men? - extract from Darby


Short essays on the causes of WWII: Graham Darby, Andrew Crozier and John Charmley.

Extra materials: Darby on British and French foreign policy as a cause of war and why they went to war for Poland in 1939. McDonough on why war broke out in Asia.

Video - BBC 20th Century History File - Why appeasement?

Classic video of AJP Taylor on the causes of World War II and short BBC revision clips.
The website of Laurence Rees. The BBC writer producer of the landmark documentaries.

Total war? What were the similarities and differences between the First and Second World War?



Worksheet and table to be completed comparing and contrasting World Wars I and II as total wars.
Total War Video on WWII from the 1990s documentary series People's Century. Website for the series.
Reminder of WWI as a 'total war'. Mindmapping, notemaking activity worksheet which should have been completed in Semester 1.

The entire 1970s series the World at War.

Apocalypse the series that colourized World War II.


How did the nature of war change in the period 1935-1945?


Worksheet to be completed on the five themes of the nature of warfare.  



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