International School History - European Schools - S6 4 hour option

S6 4hr History Last update - 05 May 2023 Official European School History S6 Syllabus: English, French, German
Unit 2 - 1914-1921: War and Revolution
Key Questions Lessons Additional materials and external links
What was warfare like before the industrial revolution? Timeline of events to learn in this unit.


Watch any of the battle scenes from the film of Waterloo.
How and why did the nature of warfare change during the 19th century?


Worksheet 1 and worksheet 2 with activity.  
What were people's expectations about the nature of the Great War?

Worksheet and PowerPoint

Walsh 14-15 GCSE Modern World History


See the 1930 film version of All Quiet on the Western Front.
The First World War
10 part, 2003 Channel 4 documentary series covers all aspects of the war.


Why was the war not over by Christmas? Walsh 16-19 GCSE Modern World History

Worksheet to be completed by hand or e-version.

See the outstanding BBC website on the First World War. And this animation in particular which graphically demonstrates how the war developed.


How did the nature of war change during the First World War? Walsh 20-29 GCSE Modern World History  and supporting Worksheet
Killing Fields Video on WWI from the 1990s documentary series People's Century.
Why was WWI a 'Second Generation' war?

Excellent BBC documentary on the life of the war poet Wilfred Owen.

Recent BBC Documentary 'World War One from above' offers multiple new perspectives on the war.


Why is the First World War described as a 'total war'? WWI as a 'total war'. (Diagram and case study of UK)

Walsh 66-76 GCSE Modern World History

WWI propaganda posters.

Women and WWI, (edited essay)
On the geographical extent of the war see episode 3. On the battles of Verdun and the Somme see episode 6.

What makes a source useful? A case study of WWI.

What is the 'source matrix'?

What is the difference between history and heritage?




Worksheet. covering the 3Rs usefulness model and the 'source matrix'. Copies of all the source cards used in the lesson.
The usefulness of sources This section of the website provides a detailed examination of the usefulness of the most popular types of source found in examination. .

A guide to using documents. This document introduces the 3Rs model and offers advice on using a range of different sources like statistics, autobiographies and cartoons.

J Bronowski - History as art and science - video

How did the Tsar survive the 1905 revolution but not the revolution of 1917?


Summary sheet taken from James Mason Modern World history to GCSE. Walsh 104-107 GCSE Modern World History

What is the difference between literature and history? Extract from Figes with questions on the 1905 revolution.

How did the Tsar survive? - PowerPoint.


Figes extract on the October Manifesto and a second extract on the first meeting of the Duma.
Graham Darby extract on how the Tsar survived the 1905 revolution and an extract on how stable the Tsarist regime was before 1914.
How did the war weaken the Tsarist regime and contribute to the February revolution?

Russia and World War I worksheet. Diagram to be completed on the causes of the February revolution.

PowerPoint to help you complete the diagram.

Walsh GCSE Modern World History 97-107 for background information and  108-110 for activities.

The First World War
Part 8 examines the impact of the First World War on the Russian Revolution of March 1917.

Graham Darby extract on why Nicholas II was forced to abdicate Imaginative video reconstruction that focuses on the role of Rasputin in the March 1917 revolution.

Importance of war diagram.

What is ideology? What is the ideological spectrum.
Political Compass website survey of your political position on the ideological spectrum.
Left and Right concept diagram and comments from the blog discussion.
What is Marxism and how did Lenin adapt it for Russia? Marx's 1859 preface and the unanimated PowerPoint that tries to explain it. 

Video on the history of socialism and a transcript of the video.

How Lenin adapted Marxism to Russia from Steve Phillips.

Two videos presented by the English Marxist sociologist Stuart Hall and a light hearted but informative video by English comedian Mark Steel.
For economics students, this three part documentary series includes an episode on Marx.

Communist Manifesto (edited to essentials)

Why did the Bolsheviks come to power in October 1917? PowerPoint on why there were two revolutions in 1917 and extended text version. Graham Darby extract on why the Provisional Government failed.

Timeline of 1917. Lenin in 1917 by Figes. Walsh 114-116 GCSE Modern World History

Video of the Russian Revolution in colour. John D Clare on the October Revolution.

Role of the individual in history extract from E H Carr's What is History? and questions to consider. An essay by McDonough. Documentary video on Lenin.


Why was Germany defeated in 1918? Why was Germany defeated (essay) and diagram.
What were the aims of the peace makers at the Paris Peace Conference? Summary sheet taken from James Mason Modern World history to GCSE.
Cannon et al. IB 20th century world history course companion pp. 13-25

Extract from Culpin and Henig - Modern Europe. Chapter 10 - Peacemaking... (pp. 137-151)

What were the terms of the Paris Peace Treaties?

Paris Peace Treaties role-play activity. Previous role-plays.

Short BBC documentary film - Make Germany Pay.

Extract from Culpin and Henig - Modern Europe. Chapter 10 - Peacemaking. (pp. 151-163)  John D Clare on the Paris Peace Treaties - an outstanding source with many useful links.

A fling the teacher quiz that includes 90 possible questions.

How effective were the peace treaties? Walsh 20-29 GCSE Modern World History Judgements of various 'historians' on the treaties compiled by John D Clare
Essay by
Hans A. Schmitt Essay by Raffael Scheck

Timeline of essential events in Unit 2 and Fling the Teacher Quiz. Or try another quiz with all the questions in one go!


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