International School History - European Schools - S7 4hr option

S7 History Last update - 21 January 2015 Official European School History S7 Syllabus: English, French, German
Europe 1945-57 - 'Between Unity and Disunity' - Examined through a document study
Key Questions Lessons Additional materials and external links
So... what is history after all? or 'reality no longer is what it was when it was; it cannot be reconstructed’ This first unit of study is available as a website and a downloadable work booklet and PowerPoint.

S7 4hour summary syllabus (PDF).

Selected extract about the problem of memory from Milan Kundera's Ignorance.

Extract from EH Carr's What is History? on the subjectivity of Stresemann's archive.

Extract from Keith Jenkins's  post-modern classic Rethinking History.

History as art and science - J Bronowski - video

What was the impact of WWII on Europe? Video on the war in Eastern Europe. Notes from the film.

Video - World at War - The classic series from the 1970s

Video - World War II Behind Closed Doors

Essay on the events of WWII in Europe.
 

Video on World War II. See my IB website for an extended version of the essay.
 
Hypertext version of the IB History of Europe Course Companion on Germany on this website.

Walsh GCSE Modern World History Chapter 10 279-316 provides an informative well illustrated overview from a British perspective.

What were the main events in European History 1945-57
 
Worksheet 1 - Timeline of essential information. Quiz on the details of the timeline.
What were the earliest origins of the Cold War? Worksheet 2 and diagram to complete - the origins of the Cold War. Extract from Steve Phillips, The Cold War.
 
Video - Cold War episode 1 Comrades and accompanying website. This includes a transcript of the episode.
The UK National Archive has an excellent website that includes a fascinating look at documents from the period before 1939 and during WWII.

See the wonderful John D Clare for clear link-rich explanations of all features of the early Cold War.
 
People's Century video which examines the Cold War 1945-61. A good introductory overview.

 

What were the decisions and resulting tensions of Yalta and Potsdam? Summary tables of Yalta and Potsdam.

Walsh GCSE Modern World History 318-323

Video on the conference at Potsdam.

 

Video - Cold War episode 2 Iron Curtain and accompanying website. This includes a transcript of the episode.
What were the three main European sources of tension between the USA and the USSR in the post-war period? Cold War 1945-47 PowerPoint.

Worksheet 3. Edited extract from Geoffrey Roberts on why the Cold war began between 1945-47. Full original article.

 

Walsh GCSE Modern World History 318-323
Source of tension 1: How did the Soviet Union gain control of central and eastern Europe? Learn the details of the geography and timing of the takeover. Annotated map.

Video on the 'salami tactics' takeover of central and eastern Europe.

Worksheet 4 - Summarise the concerns of Western governments in a letter to President Truman. Walsh p.330 GCSE Modern World History

 

Walsh GCSE Modern World History 322-30

Extra information from James Mason Modern World history to GCSE

Why was the Marshall Plan so significant? Worksheet 5 based on an edited extract from Tony Judt's Postwar

 

 

 

The unedited version of the Judt extract. Detailed presentation on the Marshall Plan.
 
Video - Cold War episode 3 Marshall Plan and accompanying website. This includes a transcript of the episode.

Full text of the Marshall Plan speech.

How did Poland and Czechoslovakia come under Soviet control?

What led to the Tito-Stalin split?

Worksheet 6 and table to be completed.

Worksheet 7 on the Slansky Trial.

Worksheet 8 on the Tito-Stalin split.

Hypertext version of the IB 20th Century World History Course Companion on Poland and CZSK on this website.
   
British born Ivy Norman Kovanda witnessed the Czechoslovak purges first hand. This is her personal account.
   
L'Aveu a 1970 French-Italian film directed by Costa Gavras and stars Yves Montand. It is based on the true story of the Czechoslovak communist Artur London, a defendant in the Slánský trial.

 

What was de-Stalinization?

How did the USSR maintain control of Central and Eastern Europe in the period 1953-1956?

Video - Cold War episode 7 After Stalin and accompanying website. This includes a transcript of the episode.

Worksheet 9 - De-Stalinization in Poland and Czechoslovakia.

Worksheet 10 - Khrushchev's Secret Speech.

Edited video extract from Cold War about De-Stalinization in Poland as seen in the lesson.

Hungary 1956 worksheet.

Edited video extract from Cold War about the Hungarian Uprising as seen in the lesson.

Walsh GCSE Modern World History Walsh – 400-403
 

Central and Eastern European States - 1953-1956 Hypertext version of the IB 20th Century World History Course Companion on Poland and CZSK on this website.

Video about the Hungarian Uprising. The highly reliable Wikipedia, the BBC and John D Clare on the Hungarian Uprising,


In the 1956 Melbourne Olympic Games the Hungarian water polo team played the Russians in the infamous 'Blood in the water' match.

The event has been subject to two recent films, the 2007 Feature film - Children of Glory and the 2006 documentary Freedom's Fury. For more information see this excellent worksheet by Alex Nice of EEBII

 

How did the Communists stay in power so long? Worksheet 11.

PowerPoint

 

Fascinating three part BBC documentary series on life in the GDR, Czechoslovakia and Romania.
 
Source of tension 2: What was the 'German problem' and why was it so central to the early stages of the Cold War? What was the affect of World War II on Germany?

Worksheet 12

Extra info - Worksheet from James Mason Modern World history to GCSE

 

Hypertext version of the IB History of Europe Course Companion on Germany on this website.

Walsh GCSE Modern World History 318-323. Films about the Nuremberg Trials. Denazification images from the outstanding GHDI website.

How did allied attitudes to Germany change in the post-war period? Morgenthau to Marshall: the story of two plans. Worksheet 13.

Why did French attitudes to Germany change?  (Worksheet 14 with questions extract from Tony Judt's Postwar)

 

 
What were the causes and consequences of the Berlin Airlift? Worksheet 15

Short video as seen in the lesson.

President Truman library activity on the Berlin Airlift. Old British newsreel about the Airlift.

Video - Cold War episode 4 Berlin and accompanying website. This includes a transcript of the episode.

 

How did East and West Germany develop in the 1950s? Worksheet 16

PowerPoint

Short video as seen in the lesson.
 

Video - Cold War episode 7 After Stalin and accompanying website. This includes a transcript of the episode.
Source of tension 3: How was Europe reconstructed after the war and what were the origins of the European Union? PowerPoint introduction to the origins of the European Union.

Worksheet 17 on the origins of the EU with source based questions to be answered.

Winston Churchill's 1946 Zurich speech and text.

Hypertext version of the IB History of Europe Course Companion on Europe on this website.

More detailed extract from Tony Judt's Postwar on the Origins of the EU.

Tony Judt on Postwar Benelux and why Britain didn't join.

The outstanding European Navigator website is a comprehensive, multilingual history of the EU. This section deals with Europe in the immediate postwar period. Churchill's Zurich speech is here.

The European Virtual School project on the history of the EU.

European integration and its limitations in the 1950s. Worksheet 18 extract from Tony Judt's Postwar.

Essay planning sheet in downloadable Word format and suggested outline.

 

 
A Third Europe: in addition to the satellite states of the USSR and the western states constructing the EEC what other situations exist 1945-57? Paired research activity and presentation on one of the European states not in the USSR sphere of influence or the original EU six. All groups are expected to complete a one page fact sheet. My website has relevant sections on Spain and the UK. Other relevant countries include Greece, Yugoslavia, Nordic countries, Austria, Portugal.

Tony Judt on postwar Austria.

 

End of Unit Assessments -  November

Factual knowledge, document paper and A Third Europe presentation.

Fling the teacher quiz
Multiple choice quiz

Essay planning sheet in downloadable Word format and suggested outline.

 
 

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