International School History - European Schools - S6 4 hour option

S6 4hr History Last update - 07 May 2023 OOfficial European School History S6 Syllabus: English, French, German
Europe and the World from the end of the 19th Century to 1945.



Dictatorship and Democracy: Europe in the interwar years (1918-39)

S6 4 period

24 lessons

1.  Why was liberal democracy in crisis?


2.  How did the state and society change in a dictatorship?




3.  What led to World War Two?

    Why was not only World War One, but also the Great Depression of 1929, a turning point in the history of democracy?

    Why did more and more states in Europe turn into dictatorships?

    What was the basis of fascist and authoritarian ideologies?

    How and why were dictatorships able to be established in some states and how was power held?

    How were opponents and minorities dealt with?

    Is totalitarianism a valid concept to compare fascism and communism with?

    What measures did Hitler take in preparation for war?

    What factors enabled Hitlerís expansionist foreign policy?


Key Words

Democracy, The Great Depression, World Economic Crisis, Fascism, Estado Novo, Third Reich, Ideology, Racism, Anti-communism, Anti-bolshevism, Anti-Semitism, Social Darwinism, FŁhrer Cult, Dictator, One Party State, Propaganda, Terror, Concentration Camp, Authoritarian, Totalitarian, Persecution (of the Jews), Expansionist Policy, Appeasement, League of Nations


Possible Reference Points

Emergence of New Democracies in Europe (1918-20), March on Rome (1922), Start of the Great Depression (1929), Hitlerís Seizure of Power (1933), New Constitution of the Estado Novo in Portugal (1933), Kristallnacht (1938), Spanish Civil War (1936-39), Austrian Anschluss (1938), Outbreak of WWII (1939)

Syllabus Links

Europe 1 Europe 3 Europe 6 6.4B 6.4E 6.4F


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